Szorcsok in English

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About the village...

Karakószörcsök is not a remote place as many people think. It is situated in Hungary, at the foot of Bakony Hills, in Veszprém county, Transdanubia. It lies between the Somló and Ság hills, and Lake Balaton is not far from here, either. On hearing the name ’Karakószörcsök’ some people smile, but few know the meaning of it. The first part of the word ’Karakó’ derives from the Slavic ’Krakov’ or the place-name and hydronym of Krakow. The second part ’szörcsök’ means ’hawthorn’. Thus, translating Karakószörcsök into „Hungarian” is Hawthorn-place. First time it occurred as Zurchuk in 1288, later – in 1426 – it was Karakozurchek. At first it was a property of the queen, then, it was possessed by noblemen.

The members of the lower nobility with one hide of land paid four-forint rates in 1488. So, Karakószörcsök was regarded as a village of nobility even in the Middle Ages, although some bondsmen lived here at that time. During the Turkish occupation of Hungary the village became bleak and abandoned. The tithe collectors called it wasteland as far back as 1571, and the village was registered again by the rate-collectors only in 1603. At that time only the noblemen with one hide of land were mentioned, there were not serfs. In the beginning of the 19th century the villeins living in the village composed only a small part of the nobility. The inhabitants of the village were occupied in primary production and vine culture. The vine-growers of Karakószörcsök appeared among the vineyard owners of the Nagyszőlős region in the Somló hill as early as 1542.

Vasútállomás 1950-ben The village had Hungarian-speaking population even in the Middle Ages, the majority of inhabitants were Catholic and the minority were Evangelical. There has been school education in Karakószörcsök since 1771. The population in Karakószörcsök increased slowly, but gradually from the last century up to 1910. The agricultural proletariat migration from the village started at this time. Thus, the number of people greatly diminished because of the slow natural increase: within 2 decades its population decreased with 156 people. Between 1910 and 1941 the number of wage-earners diminished from 271 to 235. In 1828 the number of residents in the village was 579, then, it increased gradually: in 1851 686, in 1890 713 and in 1910 725 persons were registered. Afterwards the population gradually decreased again, in 1969 520 and in 2005 330 people lived here. In the village there is a community centre, a surgery, fire- and civil guards, a Red Cross team and a sports club. The majority of the residents are Catholic and the minority are Evangelical. Both denominations have their own church.

Today Karakószörcsök has 330 inhabitants. Karakószörcsök lies next to Road 8 (E 66) and the Budapest – Szombathely railway line.